Treatment Detail

Weight Loss Surgery

What is Obesity?

Obesity is a state of excess storage of body fat. It is a widespread health and life style problem and one of the six non-communicable diseases that are the leading causes of death. Generally speaking, if one weighs 15 to 30 kg more than the ideal body weight one is called obese and morbidly obese if the weight is 40 kg more than the ideal body weight.

Obesity is a killer

Obesity affects practically all systems in the human body. It is rightly called as the mother of all diseases. It is the second leading cause of preventable deaths.

For every 10 extra kilograms above the stipulated body weight (measured according to height), life expectancy of a person
reduces by three

Some of the diseases caused by obesity are Diabetes, Hypertension, Stroke and paralysis, Cardiovascular diseases, Breathing and sleep problems, Cancers like that of colon, uterus, gall bladder and breast, Indigestion, Non alcoholic liver disease, Stress incontinence, Polycystic ovary disease and infertility, Joint pains, Deep venous thrombosis, Mental depression and Disc herniation etc.

Parameters of Obesity

Obesity is determined by measuring waist circumference and calculating Body Mass Index, which takes into consideration the height and eight of an individual. The cut off values for obesity depending upon these two parameters are as given below:

  Waist Circumference INDIAN INTERNATIONAL
 
  MALE 90CMS 102CMS
 
  FEMALE 80CMS 88CMS

 

  BMI INDIAN INTERNATIONAL
 
  OVERWEIGHT 23 kg/m2 25 kg/m2
 
  OBESE > 25 kg/m2 30 to 39.9 kg/m2
 
  SEVERELY OBESE > 35 kg/m2 ≥ 40 kg/m2

Weight loss surgery – why?

There is a definite improvement in your diabetic and hypertensive status with a significant reduction in dependence on medicines. Other medical problems like joint pains, breathing and sleep disorders, hormonal problems including infertility etc associated with obesity also show a noticeable relief after weight loss surgery.

You can achieve a significant, gradual and sustainable loss of weight and lose between 75 to 85 % of the excess weight and maintain it as well with ease.

Losing weight thus helps you regain your self-esteem and forge a new and healthier link with life.

Weight loss Surgery – when?

Surgical management of obesity is recommended if your BMI is 37.5 kg/m2or more and you have been unsuccessful at losing as well as sustaining weight loss while following a supervised weight loss regimen.

If your obese status is associated with co-existing problems like diabetes, hypertension, infertility, sleep disorders, joint pains, inability to perform routine activities of life with ease and comfort weight loss surgery will help you even at a lower BMI of 32.5 kg/m2.

Weight loss surgery – how?

Broadly speaking there are two types of operations. These procedures area aimed at reducing the capacity of the stomach itself or inducing malabsorption of ingested food depending upon the type of operation. These operations are done using minimal access or laparoscopic surgery technique. The following operations are being commonly performed these days.

 

Gastric banding
Gastric bypass
Sleeve gastrectomy